Purpose of coding

To identify the data connected with each work package, as work packagesfrom the database for managing various project functions. To aid in the organization of data from the very detailed to the very broadlevels  To enable the processing, sorting, and extraction of information requiredat various levels of management and functional …

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Project planning techniques

Stages Planning process Techniques/methodsPlanning resourcesPlanning implementationBreaking down projectwork, developing timenetwork plansForecasting resourcerequirements, planningmanpower requirements,planning materialrequirements, budgetingcosts, designingorganizational structureFormulating monitoringmethodologyWork break down, networkanalysis, gnat chartMan power schedulingMaterial schedulingResource allocationCost planning & budgetingEquipment selection andschedulingResource productivitycontrol, time control,contribution control,budgetary control The steps involved in planning:  Defining the scope of work to be …

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Objectives of planning

Proper design of each element of the project Proper selection of equipment and machinery in big projects, the use oflarge capacity plants are found economical Procurement of materials well in advance Proper arrangement of repair of equipment and machinery Employment of trained and experienced staff on the project To provide …

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Planning

Planning aims at formulation of a time based plan of action for coordinatingvarious activities and resources to achieve specified objectives. Planning is theprocess of developing the project plan. The plan outlines how the project is to bedirected to achieve the assigned goals. It specifies a predetermined and committedfuture course of …

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Ordering Concrete

WHEN ORDERING PRE-MIXED concrete you will need to tell the supplier:Name and address for delivery The use of the concrete (ie driveway, housing slab, commercial)The amount you need in cubic metres The Class of the concrete. There are two classes that concrete can be supplied as: Normal Class and Special …

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THE COMPRESSION TEST

The compression test shows the compressive strength of hardened concrete. The testing is done in a laboratory off-site. The only work done on-site is to make a concrete cylinder for the compression test. The strength is measured in Megapascals (MPa) and is commonly specified as a characteristic strength of concrete …

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Concrete Testing

There are two main tests to be done on concrete: The SLUMP test. The SLUMP test shows the WORKABILITY of concrete. Workability measures how easy the concrete is to place, handle and compact. The COMPRESSION test. The COMPRESSION test shows the best possible strength concrete can reach in perfect conditions. …

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Strength and Durability

Well made concrete is a naturally strong and durable material. It is DENSE, reasonably WATERTIGHT, able to resist changes in TEMPERATURE, as well as wear and tear from WEATHERING. Strength and Durability are affected by the density of the concrete. Denser concrete is more watertight (or less permeable). Concrete durability …

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Concrete Properties

The Properties of Concrete are its characteristics or basic qualities. The four main properties of concrete are: WORKABILITY COHESIVENESS STRENGTH and DURABILITY Concrete has three different states PLASTIC SETTING HARDENING CONCRETE STATES Plastic State  When the concrete is first mixed it is like ‘bread dough’. It is soft and can …

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Storage of Cement

STORAGE Cement should be stored off the ground in a well-aired, clean, dry place. Wrapping the cement bags in plastic sheets gives extra protection, Bulk cement will normally be stored in silos. AGGREGATES Aggregates are of two basic types COARSE: crushed rock, gravel or screenings.FINE: fine and coarse sands and …

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